* Discontinued * New Roots Guggul Sterones 625 mg, 120 Capsules
Guggul Sterones treats a variety of afflictions, including arthritis, inflammation, bone fractures, obesity, and—particularly—high cholesterol.
|Each vegetable capsule contains:|
|Guggul (Commiphora wightii) gum-resin, 2.5% guggulsterones||625 mg|
For centuries, guggul has been used extensively by Ayurvedic physicians to treat a variety of afflictions, including arthritis, inflammation, bone fractures, obesity, and disorders of lipid metabolism. The classic Ayurvedic medical text Sushrutasamhita describes in detail the usefulness of guggul in the treatment of obesity and other disorders of fat metabolism including “coating and obstruction of channels.” Inspired by this description, researchers began studying, in well-designed scientific studies, the clinical effectiveness of gum guggul and its extracts in disorders of lipid metabolism, specifically their ability to lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels as well as to promote weight loss. In addition to its therapeutic applications, the gum resin of Commiphora mukul is used as a binding agent in tablets, an emulsifying agent, a fixative in perfumery, and as incense.
Commiphora mukul, also known as the Indian myrrh tree, produces a gum resin which is pale yellow, brown, or dull green in colour, with a bitter, aromatic taste and balsamic odour. Tapping of the tree begins in November and continues through January, with collection continuing until June. One tree yields up to 1 kg of gum resin. The gum resin extract from the bark of C. mukul contains a combination of steroids, diterpenoids, alipathic esters, and carbohydrates.
The aerial parts of C. mukul contain beta-sitosterol, myricyl alcohol, and many amino acids (cysteine, histidine, lysine, arginine, aspartic acid, serine, glutamic acid, threonine, alanine, proline, tyrosine, tryptophan, valine, leucine, and isoleucine). The flowers are rich in flavonoids, most notably quercetin.
Both guggul and its purified extracts have proven to be effective hypolipidemic agents in patients with ischemic heart disease, hypercholesterolemia, obesity, and hyperlipidemia. Fifty patients with symptoms of ischemic heart disease treated with an oral daily dose of 10–15 g of guggul for three months experienced a 25% decrease in total cholesterol and a 30% reduction in triglycerides, representing a significant change compared to controls. Twenty-two patients with primary hyperlipidemia were given a 1 500 mg daily dose of gugulipid for six weeks; serum cholesterol levels were significantly reduced in 59% of the patients, evident at two weeks after initiation of treatment. Among responders, serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels were lowered 24.5% and 27.3%, respectively.
A multicentered clinical trial involving 205 patients resulted in a significant lowering of serum cholesterol (23.6%) and serum triglycerides (22.6%) in 70% of patients treated with 1 500 mg of gugulipid daily for three months. Another study involving 125 patients compared the effect of gugulipid with clofibrate, a popular hypolipidemic pharmaceutical. The average reduction in serum cholesterol and triglycerides in response to treatment with the standardized extract was 11% and 16.8%, respectively. HDL-cholesterol was increased in 60% of the patients who responded to treatment with the C. mukul extract. With clofibrate, cholesterol and triglycerides were reduced 10% and 21.6%, respectively.
Guggul has been shown to be a useful adjunct to dietary modification in hypercholesterolemic patients. Treatment with gugulipid at a level supplying 100 mg of guggulsterones daily for six months, in addition to a fruit- and vegetable-enriched diet, resulted in an 11.7% reduction in total cholesterol, 12.5% reduction in LDL-cholesterol, 12.0% reduction in triglycerides, and 11.1% reduction in the total cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol ratio in 61 patients.
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